Processed food consumption associated with nighttime BP dipping

February 24, 2023

2 min read

The authors report no relevant financial disclosures.

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High consumption of processed foods was associated with greater variability in systolic BP during sleep and greater odds of extreme nocturnal dipping, researchers reported.

Unprocessed food intake was tied to lower odds of extreme nocturnal dipping, the researchers wrote in Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases.

Ultra-processed foods
High consumption of processed foods was associated with greater variability in systolic BP during sleep and greater odds of extreme nocturnal dipping.
Image: Adobe Stock

The researchers aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption by degree of processing and ambulatory BP, using the NOVA classification to categorize foods into four groups, according to the degree and purpose of their processing: unprocessed or minimally processed; processed culinary ingredients; processed; and ultra-processed foods.

“Researchers have investigated the relationship between food consumption according to the degree of food processing and several health outcomes,” Jessica Benatti Ribeiro, of the department of nutrition and health at the Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and colleagues wrote. “However, evidence about its association with BP shows that the results are still contradictory, while the assessment of this relationship from ambulatory BP monitoring data has not yet been reported.”

In a cross-sectional analysis, Ribeiro and colleagues analyzed data from 815 participants in the second wave of the ELSA-Brasil study, conducted in six Brazilian cities, who underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and face-to-face interviews (50.7% women). Researchers assessed systolic and diastolic BP means and variability during the 24 hours, sleep and wake periods, nocturnal dipping and morning surge. Food consumption was classified according to NOVA.

“The unprocessed/minimally processed foods group included foods such as fruits, vegetables, milk, eggs, rice, beans, among others, as well as culinary ingredients

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What Are Processed Foodstuff?

Processed food items refer to any meals which is changed from its natural condition. This can include things like foodstuff that was only slice, washed, heated, pasteurized, canned, cooked, frozen, dried, dehydrated, blended, or packaged. It also can incorporate foodstuff that has added preservatives, vitamins, flavors, salts, sugars, or fat.

Commonly, people today assume processed foods are “bad.” When there are a whole lot of processed alternatives that are significantly less wholesome, some processed food items are wholesome.

What Are the Types of Processed Foodstuff?

The United Nations has a food stuff grouping scale referred to as the NOVA food items classification. It places food items into four teams:

Group one: Unprocessed or minimally processed meals. This group incorporates foods like contemporary blueberries, roasted nuts, chopped greens, or other meals that have slight improvements. These foodstuff are organized like this to make them much easier to entry.

This group may well also incorporate items that have been dried, frozen, refrigerated, filtered, fermented, or put in vacuum-sealed offers. This is intended to maintain the all-natural foodstuff and let you to securely try to eat them afterwards.

Team two: Processed culinary ingredients. This team incorporates choices like butter, oils, sugar, or salts. They’re ingredients that arrive from nature but are slightly adjusted. They may perhaps have been pressed, refined, milled, or dried. They’ve gone by way of this process to make it simpler for you to use them in your kitchen. These alternatives are not meant to be eaten on your own. They’re intended to be extra to foodstuff in the course of meal preparing.

Group three: Processed food items. These include canned fish, fruits in syrup, bottled vegetables, cheese, contemporary bread, or other possibilities that ended up produced with additional salt, oil, sugar, or other matters from groups one or two.

Most of these foods have two or three substances. They’re edible by them selves but can also be extra to other dishes. The food stuff in this group was processed to make it extra secure or incorporate to its features.

Team four: Extremely-processed meals and drink items. This group includes

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